With Paul in Coast Range 7/19/13
Looking for Oyster Mushrooms

Phantom Orchid
Also called:
Snow orchid
Scientific Name:
Cephalanthera austiniae

These are very rare and they should not be picked or disturbed

This is a mycoheterotrophic orchid. It has no chlorophyll, so it makes no energy for itself.

see hike 214 to falls near table Mt. 06/20/13

Common Name:

Genus is Digitalis

Foxgloves are biennials or short-lived perennials. However, although individual plants may be short-lived, foxglove readily self-sows and multiplies. Foxglove leaves contain digitalis, a potent heart medicine, and are considered poisonous.

From Botonical.com: "In the first year a rosette of leaves, but no stem, is sent up. In the second year, one or more flowering stems are thrown up, which are from 3 to 4 feet high, though even sometimes more, and bear long spikes of drooping flowers, which bloom in the early summer, though the time of flowering differs much, according to the locality. As a rule the flowers are in perfection in July.

The radical leaves are often a foot or more long, contracted at the base into a long, winged footstalk, the wings formed by the lower veins running down into it some distance. They have slightly indented margins and sloping lateral veins, which are a very prominent feature. The flowering stems give off a few leaves, that gradually diminish in size from below upwards. All the leaves are covered with small, simple, unbranched hairs." The term digitalis is also used for drug preparations that contain cardiac glycosides, particularly one called digoxin, that is extracted from various plants of this genus."

Foxglove poisoning usually occurs from sucking the flowers or eating the seeds, stems, or leaves of the foxglove plant.

Note: The tall plant similar to a hollyhock that saved Walker Flats is the Federally endangered checker mallow Sidalcia nelsoni. We did not see it in the wet meadow.

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